EcoTourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism. It means responsible travel to natural areas conserving the environment and improving the well-being of the local people. Its purpose may be to educate the traveler, to directly benefit the economic development and political empowerment of local communities, or to foster respect for different cultures and for human rights. Since the 1980s, ecotourism has been considered a critical endeavor by environmentalists, so that future generations may experience destinations relatively untouched by human intervention. Several university programs use this description as the working definition of ecotourism.
Generally, ecotourism deals with interaction with biotic components of the natural environments. It focuses on socially responsible travel, personal growth, and environmental sustainability. Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations where flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. Ecotourism is intended to offer tourists an insight into the impact of human beings on the environment and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats.
Ecotourism is tourism which is conducted responsibly to conserve the environment and sustain the well-being of local people by following ways:
Builds environmental awareness
Provides direct financial benefits for conservation
Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people
Respects local culture
Supports human rights and democratic movements such as:
Conservation of biological diversity and cultural diversity through ecosystem protection
Promotion of sustainable use of biodiversity, by providing jobs to local population
Sharing of all socio-economic benefits with local communities and indigenous people by having their informed consent and participation in the management of ecotourism enterprises
Tourism to unspoiled natural resources, with minimal impact on the environment being a primary concern.
Minimization of tourism's own environmental impact
Local culture, flora, and fauna being the main attractions
Local people, who benefit from this form of tourism economically, and often more than mass tourism
The International Ecotourism Society defines ecotourism as "responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of local people, and involves interpretation and education".
Natural resource management can be utilized as a specialized tool for the development of ecotourism. There are several places throughout the world where a number of natural resources are abundant but with human encroachment and habitats these resources are depleting. Without the sustainable use of certain resources they are destroyed and floral and faunal species are becoming extinct. Ecotourism programs can be introduced for the conservation of these resources.
It’s a constant endeavour of Nature’s Dose to spread the awareness, sensitize people to environmental issues and care about the places they visit. Come be a part of it.