• Himalaya means abode of snow and are rising more than 1 cm per year.
  • Any land mass that rises 1,000 feet above the surrounding area is considered a mountain.
  • Himalayas are considered to be the tallest and youngest ( 70 million years old) mountain ranges caused by a continental collision between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates.
  • The Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) is the section of the Himalayas within India, spanning the northern states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, as well as the hill regions of two eastern states, Assam and West Bengal.
  • Trans Himalaya is created due to the collision with the eurasian plate. This Zone is the Northern most area in the country in the states of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. It is an extension of Tibetan plateau around the Himalayas.
  • Himalayas, the monstrous mountain range, has 30 peaks that towers over 24,000 feet and average about 200 miles in width. In fact, the Himalayas cover about 0.4 percent of the surface area of the Earth.
  • The highest mountain outside of Asia is ACONCAGUA (6,962 m/ 22,841 ft) in Argentina.
  • International Mountain Day is celebrated on December 11 every year to highlight the importance of sustainable mountain development.
  • Pir Panjal Range (part of middle Himalayas)
  • Dhauladhar Range
  • Zanskar Range
  • Ladakh Range
  • East Karakoram Range
  • Mahabharata range (middle Himalayas in Nepal)
S.NO NAME HEIGHT COUNTRY
1 MOUNT EVEREST 8,848 m / 29,029 ft Nepal . China
2 K2 8,611 m/ 28,251 ft Pakistan . China
3 KANGCHENJUNGA 8,585 m/ 28,169 ft Nepal. India
4 LHOTSE 8,516 m/ 27,940 ft Nepal . China
5 MAKALU 8,485 m/ 27,838 ft Nepal . China
6 CHO OYU 8,188 m/ 26,864 ft Nepal . China
7 DHAULAGIRI 1 8,188 m/ 26,864 ft Nepal
8 MANASLU 8,163 m/ 26,781 ft Nepal
9 NANGA PARBAT 8,126 m/ 26,660 ft Pakistan
10 ANNAPURNA 1 8,019 m/ 26,545 ft Nepal
  • Earth has more than 60,000 known tree species.
  • Trees are the longest living organisms on Earth, and never die of old age.
  • If a birdhouse is hung on a tree branch, it does not move up the tree as the tree grows.
  • Pine trees are the only species in the whole world that spreads seeds in cones, and those cones also have genders.
  • Trees lower air temperature by evaporating water in their leaves.
  • Methuselah, a bristlecone pine tree from California's White Mountains, is thought to be almost 5,000 years old—and the oldest non-clonal tree in the world.
  • The tallest trees in the world are redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens), which tower above the ground in California. These trees can easily reach heights of 300 feet (91 meters).
  • Trees in a forest can 'talk' and share nutrients through an underground internet built by soil fungi.
  • Adding one tree to an open pasture can increase its bird biodiversity from almost zero species to as high as 80.
  • Water covers 70.9 percent of earth’s surface.
  • A person can live about a month without food, but only about a week without water.
  • Water is a molecule made of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom. Its chemical formula is H2 O.
  • At the top of Mount Everest water boils at 68 °C (154 °F) because of low air pressure.
  • A person can live about a month without food, but only about a week without water.
  • World water day is an annual event celebrated on 22nd march and focuses attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene facilities in developing countries.
  • Ninety-seven percent of the water on Earth is salt water; the water found in the Earth’s lakes, rivers, streams, ponds, swamps, etcetera accounts for only 0.3 percent of the world’s fresh water. The rest is trapped in glaciers or is in the ground.
  • At the top of Mount Everest water boils at 68 °C (154 °F) because of low air pressure.
  • By 2025, 1.8 billion people will experience absolute water scarcity. 2/3 of the world will be living under water-stressed conditions and by 2030, almost half the world will live under conditions of high water stress.
  • Soil is a living system.
  • It provides all the nutrients required for successful plant growth.
  • Soil acts as a filter for underground water, filtering out pollutants.
  • Soil consists of 45% minerals, 25% water, 25% air & 5% organic matter.
  • Approximately 10% of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions are stored in soil.
  • There are more microorganisms in a handful of soil than there are people on earth.
  • It takes 500 years to produce just under an inch of topsoil, this is the most productive layer of soil.
  • Soil is at the bottom of the food chain, yet it is the cornerstone of life on earth.